In 1982 Britain went to war with Argentina after the latter invaded the Falkland Islands. Argentina did not see this so much as an invasion, but as a reclaiming of their sovereignty over what they call Islas Malvinas.
The islands are an archipelago located in the South Atlantic Ocean approximately 300 miles to the east of South America. The controversy began with a dispute over the original discovery of the land and subsequent colonization by Europeans. At various times there have been French, British, Spanish, and Argentine settlements.
The British claim to sovereignty dates back to 1690. Argentina made several attempts to establish trade and a colony, but in 1833 Britain placed a naval garrison on the islands and demanded that the Argentine flag be lowered, and the Union Jack be raised. Despite protests both formal and informal over the years, Argentina has not regained control.
The Falkland Islands dispute is a long-standing one in the UN. When Argentina joined the UN in 1945, it presented its case for gaining sovereignty over the Falkland Islands. Following Argentina’s claim, the United Kingdom offered to take the dispute to mediation at the International Court of Justice in The Hague in 1947 and again in 1955. Both times Argentina declined the offer…….